Date: Thu, 20 May 1999 08:40:30 -0500 (EST)
Subject: CSWA Newsletter of 5/19/99

            AAS Committee on the Status of Women
     weekly issues of  5/19/99, ed. by Priscilla Benson
***  send email and addresses to  ***

This week's issues:

1. Gender Gap in math achievement is GONE!
2. Job Notice for Canadians

1. Gender Gap in math achievement is GONE!

From: "Wright, James P."

Note the NSF press release about the gender gap in 
mathematics achievement being gone!

(Avail online at
Title:  S&E Degrees to Women, Minorities on the Rise, Math 
Achievement 'Gender Gap' is Gone
  Date:   May 5, 1999
    Media contact:                              May 5, 1999
    Joel Blumenthal                            NSF PR 99-36
    (703) 306-1070/
    Program contact:
    Joan Burrelli
    (703) 306-1777/
         The number and proportion of women and minorities 
enrolled and earning undergraduate and graduate science and 
engineering [S&E] degrees continues to increase, while the 
number of white men doing so is decreasing, according to a 
National Science Foundation [NSF] report released today to 
         Between 1982 and 1994, the percentages of black, 
Hispanic and American Indian students taking many basic and 
advanced mathematics courses doubled.  
         And the 1996 National Assessment of Educational 
Progress [NAEP] mathematics assessment results showed that 
the   "  gender gap  " in mathematics achievement has, for 
the most part, disappeared, says Women, Minorities, and 
Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering:  1998, 
a report by NSF's Division of Science Resources Studies 
         Despite these gains, women, minorities, and persons 
with disabilities remain underrepresented in science and 
engineering fields, said the ninth in a series of 
Congressionally mandated reports on the status of women and 
minorities in science and engineering.  The report for 1996 
spurred U.S. Rep. Connie Morella [R-MD] to sponsor a bill 
establishing a "  Commission on the Advancement of Women and 
Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology 
Development.  "
         The bill became Public Law 105-255, and the 
Commission held its first meeting April 14.  At that 
meeting, NSF Director Rita Colwell said the Commission has a   
"  vital  "   role in achieving a collective goal of 
crafting   "  a new strategy and a new direction for human 
resource development in science and engineering.  "
              Women, Minorities, and Persons with 
Disabilities in Science and Engineering:  1998 documents 
both short- and long-term trends in science and engineering 
education and employment. It does not endorse or recommend 
any policies or programs. Among its findings:
         Asians were 3 percent of the population, and 10 
percent of the S&E workforce in 1995.  Blacks, Hispanics and 
American Indians made up 23 percent of the population, but 
only 6 percent of the S&E workforce.
         Students with disabilities take fewer science and  
mathematics courses, have lower grades and achievement 
scores, and are more likely to drop out of school than 
students without disabilities.
         Women scientists and engineers are more likely than 
men to be employed in computer or mathematical sciences, 
life sciences and social sciences; and less likely to be 
managers if they work in business.  Women Ph.D. scientists 
and engineers are more likely to work at elementary and 
secondary schools and two year colleges, and less likely 
than men to be tenured.
         The percentage of disabled scientists and engineers 
out of the workforce is three times those without 
disabilities.  Working scientists and engineers with 
disabilities perform the same type of work as those without 
disabilities, and earn virtually the same salary.
    The complete report is available on the NSF website at:

2.  Job Notice for Canadians
From: Chris Wilson

Department of Physics and Astronomy
                 The University of Manitoba
               Tenure-track Assistant Professor 
            position in Astronomy and Astrophysics

The Department invites applications for a full-time, tenure-
track Assistant Professor position, from candidates who are 
eligible to be sponsored for a Natural Sciences and 
Engineering Research Council (NSERC) University Faculty 
Award (UFA) (subject to final budgetary approval). 
Consideration of applications will begin immediately and 
close on September 1, 1999.
We are looking for an enthusiastic person with:
   a PhD in any area of astronomy or astrophysics;
   a strong academic record;
   exceptional promise for independent research; and,
   a strong commitment to teaching.

To be eligible for the NSERC UFA, and therefore our 
position, you must be:
   a woman holding a Ph.D. or expecting to have completed 
all the requirements for such a degree, including thesis 
defense, by Sep. 1, 2000; and,
   a Canadian citizen, or a permanent resident of Canada, as 
of Nov. 1, 1999.

If you are interested, please consult the complete 
announcement at

(Submitted in shortened form by Chris Wilson, McMaster 

End of CSWA Newsletter for 5/19/99