AAS Committee on the Status of Women 
Issue of July 3, 2009 
eds. Joan Schmelz, Caroline Simpson & Michele Montgomery 
 
This week's issues: 
 
1.  Draft AAS Statement On Professional Ethics 
 
2.  Lunar and Solar Eclipses in July 
 
3.  Most inspirational woman scientist revealed 
 
4.  Wiki on Women Astronomers 
 
5.  ASP Conference and Workshop Scholarship Deadline Extended 
 
6.  How to Submit, Subscribe, or Unsubscribe to AASWOMEN 
 
7.  Access to Past Issues of AASWOMEN 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
1.  Draft AAS Statement On Professional Ethics 
From:  AAS 
 
The AAS has drafted a statement on professional ethics on June 7, 2009   
(see below). AAS members are asked to login to the AAS Forum at 
 
http://forums.aas.org/ 
 
and provide comments.  The comments will appear online after a   
moderator has approved them. 
 
AAS Statement on Professional Ethics: 
The mission of the American Astronomical Society is to enhance and 
share humanity's scientific understanding of the Universe. We believe 
the advancement of astronomy requires that we provide ethical 
guidelines for AAS members and, for that matter, anyone involved in 
professional astronomical activities. 
 
Every astronomer is a citizen of the community of science. Each shares 
responsibility for the welfare of this community. We endorse the 
statement of the American Physical Society that "Science is best 
advanced when there is mutual trust, based upon honest behavior, 
throughout the community." All scientists should act ethically in the 
conduct of their research, in teaching and education, and in relations 
with both members of the public and other members of the scientific 
community. We have a special responsibility to students and postdocs 
to train them in ethical conduct. 
 
The American Astronomical Society believes that the following are the 
minimal standards of ethical behavior relating to the profession. 
 
CONDUCT TOWARDS OTHERS 
 
All people encountered in one's professional life should be treated 
with respect. Discourse should be civil. Scientists should work to 
provide an environment that encourages the free expression and 
exchange of scientific ideas. They should promote equality of 
opportunity and treatment for all their colleagues, regardless of 
gender, race, ethnic origin, religion, age, marital status, sexual 
orientation, disabilities, or any other reason not related to 
scientific merit. This principle is clearly stated in our By-Laws. 
 
More senior members of the society, especially research supervisors, 
have a special responsibility to facilitate the research, educational, 
and professional development of students and subordinates. This 
includes providing safe, supportive working environments, fair 
compensation and appropriate acknowledgment of their contribution to 
any research results. In addition, supervisors should encourage the 
timely advance of graduate students and young professionals in their 
career aspirations. 
 
It is also incumbent on senior members of our society to inform more 
junior members of these ethical issues and of institutional and 
government guidelines, policies and precedures related to the 
oversight and maintenance of ethical standards for research and 
conduct. It is the responsibility of all members of our society to 
familiarize themselves with such guidelines, policies and procedures. 
 
RESEARCH 
 
It is an ethical responsiblity that research results be recorded and 
maintained in a form that allows review, analysis, and reproduction by 
others. It is incumbent on researchers involved in large, 
publicly-supported studies to make results available in a timely 
manner. 
 
Fabrication of data or selective reporting of data with the intent to 
mislead or deceive is unethical and unacceptable, as is the 
appropriation of data or research results from others without 
permission and attribution. 
 
It should be recognized that honest error is an integral part of the 
scientific enterprise. It is not unethical to be wrong, provided that 
errors are promptly acknowledged and corrected when they are detected. 
 
PUBLICATION AND AUTHORSHIP PRACTICES 
 
All persons who have made significant contributions to a work intended 
for publication should be offered the opportunity to be listed as 
authors. This includes all those who have contributed intellectually 
to the inception, design, execution, or interpretation of the 
research. Other individuals who have contributed to a study should be 
appropriately acknowledged. The sources of financial support for any 
project should be acknowledged/disclosed. All collaborators share 
responsibility for any paper they coauthor, and every coauthor should 
have the opportunity to review a manuscript before its submission. 
 
Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given, and 
complete referencing is an essential part of any astronomical research 
publication. Authors have an obligation to their colleagues and the 
scientific community to include a set of references that communicates 
the precedents, sources, and context of the reported work. Deliberate 
omission of a pertinent author or reference is unacceptable. Data 
provided by others must be cited appropriately, even if obtained from 
a public database. 
 
All authors are responsible for providing prompt corrections or 
retractions if errors are found in published works. 
 
Plagiarism is the presentation of others' words, ideas or scientific 
results as if they were one's own. Citations to others' work must be 
clear, complete, and correct. Plagiarism is unethical behavior and is 
never acceptable. 
 
Authors, editors and referees should also be aware of the professional 
and ethical standards that have been adopted for the AAS journals 
(http://aas.org/ethicsPolicy). 
 
PEER REVIEW 
 
Peer review is an essential component of many aspects of the 
scientific process such as evaluating research proposals, publishing 
research results, and evaluating colleagues for career advancement. 
 
Peer review can serve its intended function only if the members of the 
scientific community are prepared to provide thorough, fair, and 
objective evaluations based on requisite expertise. Although peer 
review can be difficult and time-consuming, scientists have an 
obligation to participate in the process. 
 
Reviewers should disclose conflicts of interest resulting from direct 
competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with those they are 
reviewing and recuse themselves from cases where such conflicts 
preclude an objective evaluation. It is unethical to seek to gain an 
advantage by means of reviewing the work of others. 
 
Privileged information or ideas that are obtained through peer review 
must be kept confidential and not used for competitive gain. 
 
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST 
 
Many activities of scientists and educators have the potential for a 
conflict of interest. Any professional relationship or action that may 
either be or be perceived as a conflict of interest should be fully 
disclosed. Most organizations or activities have mechanisms for 
managing conflicts, for example, through recusal. If a conflict of 
interest cannot be properly managed, the activity should be avoided or 
discontinued. 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
2.  Lunar and Solar Eclipses in July 
From:  Michele Montgomery [montgomeryphysics.ucf.edu] 
 
July 7, 2009 is a penumbral lunar eclipse and July 22, 2009 is the   
longest solar eclipse of this century.  To check whether you are in   
the right location to view these eclipses, see 
 
http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OH2009.html. 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
3. Most inspirational woman scientist revealed 
From:  Michele Montgomery [montgomeryphysics.ucf.edu] 
 
NewScientist Magazine issue 2715 dated July 2, 2009 lists the top 10   
most inspirational woman scientists of all time.   Physics took the   
number 1 spot and astrophysics took the 4th.  Do you agree with this   
list and the order?  See 
 
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327156.600-most-inspirational-woman-scientist-revealed.html. 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
4.  Wiki on Women Astronomers 
From:  Michele Montgomery [montgomeryphysics.ucf.edu] 
 
A wiki has been started on women astronomers.  Is anyone missing?  Are   
you missing? 
 
http://astronomycompendium.wikispaces.com/Women+Astronomers 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
5.    ASP Conference and Workshop Scholarship Deadline Extended 
From:  Astronomical Society of the Pacific 
 
Although the regular abstract submission deadline to the September   
12-16 ASP annual meeting has passed, limited space for late abstract   
proposals may be available.  Submit inquiries or your late abstract to   
2009meetingastrosociety.org before July 31, 2009. 
 
ASP is also hosting a series of workshops the weekend prior to the ASP   
annual meeting.  The workshops, 
 
http://www.astrosociety.org/events/2009mtg/workshops.html, 
 
are for teachers, informal educators, and amateur astronomers engaged   
in public outreach. Thanks to the support of the Spitzer Space Center,   
a limited number of up-to-$750 scholarships are available to eligible   
participants to help defray travel and lodging costs.  The workshop   
scholarship deadline is July 22, 2009. 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
6. How to Submit, Subscribe, or Unsubscribe to AASWOMEN 
 
[Please remember to replace "" in the below e-mail addresses.] 
 
To submit to AASWOMEN: send email to aaswomenaas.org All material 
sent to that address will be posted unless you tell us otherwise 
(including your email address). 
 
To subscribe or unsubscribe to AASWOMEN go to 
 
http://lists.aas.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/aaswlist 
 
and fill out the form. 
 
If you experience any problems, please email itdeptaas.org 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
7.  Access to Past Issues of AASWOMEN 
 
Past issues of AASWOMEN are available at 
 
http://www.aas.org/cswa/AASWOMEN.html 
 
Each annual summary includes an index of topics covered. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AASWList mailing list 
AASWListaas.org